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Key Terms

This glossary of key terms will help you better understand the topics throughout the blog.


Molecules which can safely interact with free radicals and terminate the chain reaction before vital molecules are damaged. The principle micronutrient (vitamin) antioxidants are vitamin E, beta-carotene, and vitamin C.



Amino Acids

Organic compounds that combine to form protein -  composed of nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, along with a variable side chain group. Amino acids have an influence on the function of organs, glands, tendons and arteries. They are furthermore essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, especially in the muscles, bones, skin and hair as well as for the removal of all kinds of waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism.




An amino acid normally made by the body. It is found in some foods like watermelons and is also produced naturally by the body.




What your body does naturally to neutralize, transform or get rid of unwanted materials or toxins.



Special proteins that are found in the cells of living organisms. They play an important role in performing or controlling a host of chemical reactions that take place in the body.



Free radicals

Any molecular species capable of independent existence that contains an unpaired electron in an atomic orbital/ atoms or groups of atoms with an odd (unpaired) number of electrons and can be formed when oxygen interacts with certain molecules.


Free radicals are associated with human disease, including cancer, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and many others.



Immune response

How your body recognizes and defends itself against bacteria, viruses, and substances that appear foreign and harmful.




A tiny bubble (vesicle), made out of the same material as a cell membrane. Liposomes can be filled with drugs, and used to deliver drugs for cancer and other diseases.





A substance which has physiological benefits or provides protection against chronic disease. They may be used to improve health, delay the aging process, prevent chronic diseases, increase life expectancy, or support the structure or function of the body.





Oxidative Stress

Occurs when an oxygen molecule splits into single atoms with unpaired electrons, which are called free radicals. This imbalance between free radical production and antioxidant defenses is associated with damage to a wide range of molecular species including lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.





Natural chemicals or compounds produced by plants. They help protect plants from germs, , bugs, fungi and other threats. They also have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can help support a healthy human body.





Made up of hundreds or thousands of smaller units called amino acids, proteins are large, complex molecules that play many critical roles in the body. They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs.








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